Harm Reduction, Sexual Health, Population Health Ethics, Substance Use Care
Identifying how clinical and structural (e.g., policy) interventions can best be implemented and adapted to reduce harm and promote health at the population level. My research examines the social and ethical implications regarding clinical and biomedical interventions (e.g., pharmaceuticals), including the social and contextual conditions that serve to facilitate or create barriers to effective substance use care and sexual health service provision for people who use drugs.
Sex-and gender-based analyses to improve sexual health experiences and outcomes among people who use drugs. My research program includes sex-and gender-based analyses, with a particular focus on young men who use drugs’ health-related experiences and outcomes. For example, this research has informed the implementation and adaption of GetCheckedOnline, the BCCDC’s new online HIV/STBBI testing program. This work has also informed the development of training modules for health care professionals to provide LGBTQ2-centered care, including substance use and sexual health-related care.
The philosophical, practical and empirical advancement of population health ethics. My research actively engages with and combines empirical research with ethical analyses regarding a variety of substantive issues in the realm of population and public health. This program of research involves a dynamic process in the generation, and constant re-evaluation, of ethical imperatives in population and public health.
• Lowik A.J., & Knight R. Toward gender-inclusive, non-judgemental alcohol interventions for pregnant people: Challenging assumptions in research and treatment. Journal of Addiction Medicine. [Epub ahead of print] [SA]
• Ferlatte O, Oliffe J, Salway T, & Knight R. (2019) Stigma in the bereavement experiences of gay men who have lost a partner to suicide. Culture, Health & Sexuality. 95(2):145-150 [SA]
• Knight R, Chabot C, Carson A, Thomson K, Haag D, Gilbert M & Shoveller J. (2019) A qualitative analysis of the experiences of gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men who use GetCheckedOnline.com: A comprehensive internet-based diagnostic service for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. BMJ Sexually Transmitted Infections. 95(2):145-150 [PA]
• Ferlatte P, Salway T, Rice SM, Oliffe J, Knight R, Ogrodniczuk J. (2018) Inequities in depression within a population of sexual and gender minorities. Journal of Mental Health. [Epub ahead of print] [CA]
• Knight R & Ti L. (2018) The successful scale up of Direct-Acting Antiviral Hepatitis C treatments will benefit from concerted investments in implementation science. Canadian Journal of Public Health. [Epub ahead of print] [PA]
• Knight R, Karamouzian M, Carson A, Edward J, Shoveller J, Carrieri M, Fairbairn N, Wood E & Fast D. (2018) Interventions to address substance use and sexual risk among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men who use methamphetamine: A systematic review. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 3;194:410-429. [PA]
• Knight R, Krüsi A, Carson A, Fast D, Shannon K & Shoveller J. (2018) Criminalization of HIV non-disclosure: Narratives from young men living in Vancouver, Canada. PLoS One, 13(7):e0201110. [PA]
• Scheim A, Milloy M, Knight R, Hayashi K & Kerr T. (2018) HIV incidence among men who have sex with men and inject drugs in a Canadian setting. AIDS and Behavior, 22(12). [CA]
• Knight R. (2018) Investments in implementation science are needed to address the harms associated with the sexualized use of substances among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 21(6):e25141. [PA]
• Greyson D, Knight R & Shoveller J. (2018) Ethics, Effectiveness, and Population Health Information Interventions: A Canadian Analysis. Health Promotion International. [Epub ahead of print] [CA]. Recipient of the “2018 Ilona Kickbusch Award for Best Article by an Early Career Researcher at HPI”.
• Karamouzian M, Knight R, Gilbert M, Davis W & Shoveller J. (2018) Stigma Associated with STI Testing in an Online Testing Environment: Examining the Perspectives of Youth in Vancouver, Canada. Sexual Health, 15(1):46-53. [CA]
• Knight R, Karamouzian M, Salway T, Gilbert M & Shoveller J. (2017) Online interventions to address HIV and other sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections among young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men: A systematic review. Journal of International AIDS Society, 20(3):e25017. [PA]
• Ng C, Haines R, Knight R, Shoveller J & Johnson J. (2017) “It’s not my business”: Exploring heteronormativity in young people’s discourses about LGBTQ issues and their implications for youth health and wellbeing. Health: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23(1):39-57. [CA]
• Knight R, Fast D, DeBeck K, Shoveller J & Small W. (2017) Getting out of downtown: A longitudinal study of how street-entrenched youth attempt to exit an inner-city drug scene. BMC Public Health, 17:376-387. [PA]
• Knight R, Roux P, Vilotitch A, Marcellin F, Rosenthal E, Spire B, Esterle L, Wittkop L, Dabis F, Salmon-Ceron D, Sogni P & Carrieri P. (2017) Significant reductions in alcohol use following Hepatitis C treatment: Results from the French ANRS CO13-HEPAVIH cohort. Addiction, 112(9):1669-1679. [PA]
• Knight R, Chabot C & Shoveller J. (2017) Qualitative Research with Young Men About Sexual Health. SAGE Research Methods Cases. [PA]
• Karamouzian M, Knight R, Gilbert M, Shoveller J. (2017) A Review of Measures Used to Assess HIV-related Stigma among Young People Living with HIV: Missing Accounts of Sex and Gender. Vulnerable Children & Youth Studies, 12(3):241-257. [CA]
Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, Scholar Award (2018-2023)
Research Grants as Principal Investigator since 2016: CDN$3,163,867.
- 10/2017 – 11/2022 Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Implementation Science for the Prevention of HIV, HCV and STBBIs-Component 2 – Addressing sexual-and drug-related HIV risk among young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in British Columbia
- 05/2017 – 04/2018 Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Meetings, Planning and Dissemination Grant – Establishing a Canada-France research collaboration to reduce drug-and sexual-related harms among HIV-positive and -negative MSM
- 07/2016 – 06/2021 Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Project Scheme – Socio-cultural contexts and young men’s sexual lives
- 07/2016 – 06-2019 Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Project Scheme – Identifying the experiences of people who inject drugs (PWID) with Direct-Acting Antiviral Hepatitis C Treatment to inform policies and programs
- 03/2016 – 08/2017 Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Implementation Science for the Prevention of HIV, HCV and STBBIs-Component 1: Adaptation Grants – Interventions to address HIV and other STBBI among young men
- 01/2016 12/2018 Agence Nationale de Recherché sur le Sida et hepatitis virales (ANRS-France) – Examining the experiences of HIV-positive People Who Inject Drugs and Men Who have Sex with Men with Direct-Acting Antiviral HCV treatment in France
- 01/2016 – 12/2018 Sidaction (France) – Examining the experiences of HIV-positive People Who Inject Drugs and Men Who have sex with Men with Direct-Acting Antiviral HCV treatment in France
- 04/2015 – 03/2016 Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Meetings, Planning and Dissemination Grant – Treating and preventing viral Hepatitis C in HIV-positive men who have sex with men and people who inject drugs in Canada, France and Brazil
Dr. Knight is recruiting Master’s, Doctoral and Post-Doctoral trainees, including trainees studying and training in UBC Department of Medicine’s Experimental Medicine program, UBC School of Population and Public Health (where Dr. Knight is an Associate Member) and UBC Interdisciplinary Studies Graduate Program.